Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO) is a surgical procedure that is commonly performed on dogs to treat Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) / Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries. The CCL/ACL is an important ligament in the knee joint that helps to stabilize the joint during movement. When the CCL is torn or damaged, it can cause instability and pain in the knee joint, which can lead to arthritis if left untreated.
The TPLO procedure involves making a cut in the top of the tibia bone and rotating the bone to change the angle at which the knee joint sits. This new angle helps to reduce the load on the CCL and stabilize the joint during movement. A specialized bone plate is used to hold the tibia in its new position while it heals.
The TPLO procedure is often recommended for dogs who are active and require a stable knee joint to maintain their quality of life. The surgery has a high success rate and can significantly improve a dog’s mobility and reduce pain.
Before the surgery, your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination and may recommend imaging tests such as X-rays to evaluate the extent of the injury and plan the surgery.
After the surgery, your dog will need to be closely monitored for several weeks to ensure proper healing. Your veterinarian may recommend physical therapy to help your dog regain strength and range of motion in the affected leg.
It is important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully after TPLO surgery to ensure a successful recovery. This may include limiting your dog’s activity level, administering pain medication, and monitoring the surgical site for signs of infection or other complications.
While TPLO surgery can be a significant investment in your dog’s health, it can provide long-term benefits and improve your dog’s quality of life. If you suspect your dog has a CCL injury or are considering TPLO surgery, speak with your veterinarian to determine the best course of treatment for your pet.